psiCLIP reveals dynamic RNA binding by DEAH-box helicases before and after exon ligation
journal contributionposted on 10.03.2021, 10:49 authored by Lisa Strittmatter, Charlotte Capitanchik, Andrew Newman, Martina Hallegger, Christine Norman, Sebastian Fica, Chris Oubridge, Nicholas Luscombe, Jernej Ule, Kiyoshi Nagai
RNA helicases remodel the spliceosome to enable pre-mRNA splicing, but their binding and mechanism of action remain poorly understood. To define helicase-RNA contacts in specific spliceosomal states, we develop purified spliceosome iCLIP (psiCLIP), which reveals dynamic helicase-RNA contacts during splicing catalysis. The helicase Prp16 binds along the entire available single-stranded RNA region between the branchpoint and 3'-splice site, while Prp22 binds diffusely downstream of the branchpoint before exon ligation, but then switches to more narrow binding in the downstream exon after exon ligation, arguing against a mechanism of processive translocation. Depletion of the exon-ligation factor Prp18 destabilizes Prp22 binding to the pre-mRNA, suggesting that proofreading by Prp22 may sense the stability of the spliceosome during exon ligation. Thus, psiCLIP complements structural studies by providing key insights into the binding and proofreading activity of spliceosomal RNA helicases.