The Francis Crick Institute
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Topological in vitro loading of the budding yeast cohesin ring onto DNA

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-09-07, 11:11 authored by Masashi Minamino, Torahiko L Higashi, Céline Bouchoux, Frank Uhlmann
The ring-shaped chromosomal cohesin complex holds sister chromatids together by topological embrace, a prerequisite for accurate chromosome segregation. Cohesin plays additional roles in genome organization, transcriptional regulation and DNA repair. The cohesin ring includes an ABC family ATPase, but the molecular mechanism by which the ATPase contributes to cohesin function is not yet understood. Here we have purified budding yeast cohesin, as well as its Scc2-Scc4 cohesin loader complex, and biochemically reconstituted ATP-dependent topological cohesin loading onto DNA. Our results reproduce previous observations obtained using fission yeast cohesin, thereby establishing conserved aspects of cohesin behavior. Unexpectedly, we find that non-hydrolyzable ATP ground state mimetics ADP·BeF2, ADP·BeF3- and ADP·AlFx, but not a hydrolysis transition state analog ADP·VO43-, support cohesin loading. The energy from nucleotide binding is sufficient to drive the DNA entry reaction into the cohesin ring. ATP hydrolysis, thought to be essential for in vivo cohesin loading, must serve a subsequent reaction step. These results provide molecular insight into cohesin function and open new experimental opportunities that the budding yeast model affords.