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The relationship between epigenetic age and the hallmarks of ageing in human cells

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journal contribution
posted on 22.06.2022, 13:49 authored by Sylwia Kabacik, Donna Lowe, Leonie Fransen, Martin Leonard, Siew-Lan Ang, Christopher Whiteman, Sarah Corsi, Howard Cohen, Sarah Felton, Radhika Bali, Steve Horvath, Ken Raj
Epigenetic clocks are mathematically derived age estimators that are based on combinations of methylation values that change with age at specific CpGs in the genome. These clocks are widely used to measure the age of tissues and cells 1,2. The discrepancy between epigenetic age (EpiAge), as estimated by these clocks, and chronological age is referred to as EpiAge acceleration. Epidemiological studies have linked EpiAge acceleration to a wide variety of pathologies, health states, lifestyle, mental state and environmental factors 2, indicating that epigenetic clocks tap into critical biological processes that are involved in aging. Despite the importance of this inference, the mechanisms underpinning these clocks remained largely uncharacterized and unelucidated. Here, using primary human cells, we set out to investigate whether epigenetic aging is the manifestation of one or more of the aging hallmarks previously identified 3. We show that although epigenetic aging is distinct from cellular senescence, telomere attrition and genomic instability, it is associated with nutrient sensing, mitochondrial activity and stem cell composition.

Funding

Crick (Grant ID: 10089, Grant title: Guillemot FC001089)

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