The natural history of CNGB1-related retinopathy: A longitudinal phenotypic analysis.
journal contributionposted on 2022-06-29, 08:39 authored by Daniel J Jackson, Adam M Dubis, Mariya Moosajee
Cyclic nucleotide-gated channel β 1 (CNGB1) encodes a subunit of the rod cyclic nucleotide-gated channel. Pathogenic variants in CNGB1 are responsible for 4% of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Several treatment strategies show promise for treating inherited retinal degenerations, however relevant metrics of progression and sensitive clinical trial endpoints are needed to assess therapeutic efficacy. This study reports the natural history of CNGB1-related RP with a longitudinal phenotypic analysis of 33 molecularly-confirmed patients with a mean follow-up period of 4.5 ± 3.9 years (range 0-17). The mean best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the right eye was 0.31 ± 0.43 logMAR at baseline and 0.47 ± 0.63 logMAR at the final visit over the study period. The ellipsoid zone (EZ) length was measurable in at least one eye of 23 patients and had a mean rate of constriction of 178 ± 161 µm per year (range 1.0-661 µm), with 57% of patients having a decrease in EZ length of greater than 250 µm in a simulated two-year trial period. Hyperautofluorescent outer ring (hyperAF) area was measurable in 17 patients, with 10 patients not displaying a ring phenotype. The results support previous findings of CNGB1-related RP being a slowly progressive disease with patients maintaining visual acuity. Prospective deep phenotyping studies assessing multimodal retinal imaging and functional measures are now required to determine clinical endpoints to be used in a trial.