The effect of the D614G substitution on the structure of the spike glycoprotein of SARS-CoV-2.
journal contributionposted on 17.02.2021, 09:52 by Donald J Benton, Antoni G Wrobel, Chloë Roustan, Annabel Borg, Pengqi Xu, Stephen R Martin, Peter B Rosenthal, John J Skehel, Steven J Gamblin
The majority of currently circulating severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viruses have mutant spike glycoproteins that contain the D614G substitution. Several studies have suggested that spikes with this substitution are associated with higher virus infectivity. We use cryo-electron microscopy to compare G614 and D614 spikes and show that the G614 mutant spike adopts a range of more open conformations that may facilitate binding to the SARS-CoV-2 receptor, ACE2, and the subsequent structural rearrangements required for viral membrane fusion.