The cellular response to transcription-blocking DNA damage
journal contributionposted on 17.08.2021, 10:27 by LH Gregersen, JQ Svejstrup
In response to transcription-blocking DNA lesions such as those generated by UV irradiation, cells activate a multipronged DNA damage response. This response encompasses repair of the lesions that stall RNA polymerase (RNAP) but also a poorly understood, genome-wide shutdown of transcription, even of genes that are not damaged. Over the past few years, a number of new results have shed light on this intriguing DNA damage response at the structural, biochemical, cell biological, and systems biology level. In this review we summarize the most important findings.
Cockayne syndromeDNA damage responseUV-sensitivity syndromenucleotide excision repairtranscription restarttranscription-coupled nucleotide excision repairAnimalsDNA DamageDNA RepairHumansNucleotidesTranscription, GeneticSvejstrup FC00116603 Chemical Sciences06 Biological Sciences11 Medical and Health SciencesDevelopmental Biology