The SMX DNA repair tri-nuclease
journal contributionposted on 15.10.2020, 16:42 by Haley DM Wyatt, Rob C Laister, Stephen R Martin, Cheryl H Arrowsmith, Stephen C West
The efficient removal of replication and recombination intermediates is essential for the maintenance of genome stability. Resolution of these potentially toxic structures requires the MUS81-EME1 endonuclease, which is activated at prometaphase by formation of the SMX tri-nuclease containing three DNA repair structure-selective endonucleases: SLX1-SLX4, MUS81-EME1, and XPF-ERCC1. Here we show that SMX tri-nuclease is more active than the three individual nucleases, efficiently cleaving replication forks and recombination intermediates. Within SMX, SLX4 co-ordinates the SLX1 and MUS81-EME1 nucleases for Holliday junction resolution, in a reaction stimulated by XPF-ERCC1. SMX formation activates MUS81-EME1 for replication fork and flap structure cleavage by relaxing substrate specificity. Activation involves MUS81's conserved N-terminal HhH domain, which mediates incision site selection and SLX4 binding. Cell cycle-dependent formation and activation of this tri-nuclease complex provides a unique mechanism by which cells ensure chromosome segregation and preserve genome integrity.
DNA repairDNA replicationFanconi anemiaHolliday junctiongenome stabilityhomologous recombinationresolutionstructure-selective endonucleaseCell CycleDNADNA RepairDNA ReplicationDNA-Binding ProteinsEndodeoxyribonucleasesEndonucleasesEnzyme ActivationGenomic InstabilityHumansMultienzyme ComplexesNucleic Acid ConformationProtein BindingProtein Interaction Domains and MotifsRecombinasesStructure-Activity RelationshipTime FactorsWest FC001212SB06 Biological Sciences11 Medical and Health SciencesDevelopmental Biology