The Francis Crick Institute
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The ESCRT machinery counteracts Nesprin-2G-mediated mechanical forces during nuclear envelope repair.

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-12-15, 14:40 authored by Samuel S Wallis, Leandro N Ventimiglia, Evita Otigbah, Elvira Infante, Miguel Angel Cuesta-Geijo, Gururaj Rao Kidiyoor, M Alejandra Carbajal, Roland A Fleck, Marco Foiani, Sergi Garcia-Manyes, Juan Martin-Serrano, Monica Agromayor
Transient nuclear envelope ruptures during interphase (NERDI) occur due to cytoskeletal compressive forces at sites of weakened lamina, and delayed NERDI repair results in genomic instability. Nuclear envelope (NE) sealing is completed by endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery. A key unanswered question is how local compressive forces are counteracted to allow efficient membrane resealing. Here, we identify the ESCRT-associated protein BROX as a crucial factor required to accelerate repair of the NE. Critically, BROX binds Nesprin-2G, a component of the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton complex (LINC). This interaction promotes Nesprin-2G ubiquitination and facilitates the relaxation of mechanical stress imposed by compressive actin fibers at the rupture site. Thus, BROX rebalances excessive cytoskeletal forces in cells experiencing NE instability to promote effective NERDI repair. Our results demonstrate that BROX coordinates mechanoregulation with membrane remodeling to ensure the maintenance of nuclear-cytoplasmic compartmentalization and genomic stability.