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Yeast - 2024 - Etherington - Telomere‐to‐telomere Schizosaccharomyces japonicus genome assembly reveals hitherto unknown (1).pdf (2.09 MB)

Telomere-to-telomere Schizosaccharomyces japonicus genome assembly reveals hitherto unknown genome features.

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-13, 10:47 authored by Graham J Etherington, Pei-Shang Wu, Snezhana Oliferenko, Frank Uhlmann, Conrad A Nieduszynski
Schizosaccharomyces japonicus belongs to the single-genus class Schizosaccharomycetes, otherwise known as "fission yeasts." As part of a composite model system with its widely studied S. pombe sister species, S. japonicus has provided critical insights into the workings and the evolution of cell biological mechanisms. Furthermore, its divergent biology makes S. japonicus a valuable model organism in its own right. However, the currently available genome assembly contains gaps and has been unable to resolve centromeres and other repeat-rich chromosomal regions. Here we present a telomere-to-telomere long-read genome assembly of the S. japonicus genome. This includes the three megabase-length chromosomes, with centromeres hundreds of kilobases long, rich in 5S ribosomal RNA genes, transfer RNA genes, long terminal repeats, and short repeats. We identify a gene-sparse region on chromosome 2 that resembles a 331 kb centromeric duplication. We revise the genome size of S. japonicus to at least 16.6 Mb and possibly up to 18.12 Mb, at least 30% larger than previous estimates. Our whole genome assembly will support the growing S. japonicus research community and facilitate research in new directions, including centromere and DNA repeat evolution, and yeast comparative genomics.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2137, Grant title: Uhlmann CC2137) Wellcome Trust (Grant ID: 220244/Z/20/Z, Grant title: WT 220244/Z/20/Z)