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Yeast - 2023 - Etherington - Schizosaccharomyces versatilis represents a distinct evolutionary lineage of fission yeast (1).pdf (1.88 MB)

Schizosaccharomyces versatilis represents a distinct evolutionary lineage of fission yeast.

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posted on 2024-03-13, 10:18 authored by Graham J Etherington, Elisa Gomez Gil, Wilfried Haerty, Snezhana Oliferenko, Conrad A Nieduszynski
The fission yeast species Schizosaccharomyces japonicus is currently divided into two varieties-S. japonicus var. japonicus and S. japonicus var. versatilis. Here we examine the var. versatilis isolate CBS5679. The CBS5679 genome shows 88% identity to the reference genome of S. japonicus var. japonicus at the coding sequence level, with phylogenetic analyses suggesting that it has split from the S. japonicus lineage 25 million years ago. The CBS5679 genome contains a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 1 and 2, together with several large inversions. The products of genes linked to the major translocation are associated with 'metabolism' and 'cellular assembly' ontology terms. We further show that CBS5679 does not generate viable progeny with the reference strain of S. japonicus. Although CBS5679 shares closer similarity to the 'type' strain of var. versatilis as compared to S. japonicus, it is not identical to the type strain, suggesting population structure within var. versatilis. We recommend that the taxonomic status of S. japonicus var. versatilis is raised, with it being treated as a separate species, Schizosaccharomyces versatilis.

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