PKCε switches Aurora B specificity to exit the abscission checkpoint
journal contributionposted on 14.09.2020, 10:11 by Tanya Pike, Nicola Brownlow, Svend Kjaer, Jeremy Carlton, Peter J Parker
The 'NoCut', or Aurora B abscission checkpoint can be activated if DNA is retained in the cleavage furrow after completion of anaphase. Checkpoint failure leads to incomplete abscission and a binucleate outcome. These phenotypes are also observed after loss of PKCɛ in transformed cell models. Here we show that PKCɛ directly modulates the Aurora B-dependent abscission checkpoint by phosphorylating Aurora B at S227. This phosphorylation invokes a switch in Aurora B specificity, with increased phosphorylation of a subset of target substrates, including the CPC subunit Borealin. This switch is essential for abscission checkpoint exit. Preventing the phosphorylation of Borealin leads to abscission failure, as does expression of a non-phosphorylatable Aurora B S227A mutant. Further, depletion of the ESCRT-III component and Aurora B substrate CHMP4C enables abscission, bypassing the PKCɛ-Aurora B exit pathway. Thus, we demonstrate that PKCɛ signals through Aurora B to exit the abscission checkpoint and complete cell division.
Amino Acid SequenceAnaphaseAurora Kinase BCell Cycle CheckpointsCell Cycle ProteinsCell LineCytokinesisEndosomal Sorting Complexes Required for TransportHEK293 CellsHumansModels, BiologicalMutationPhosphorylationProtein Kinase C-epsilonRecombinant ProteinsSignal TransductionSubstrate SpecificityParker FC001130Carlton - secSB