The Francis Crick Institute
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Myeloid C-type lectin receptors in innate immune recognition.

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-04-15, 11:19 authored by Caetano Reis e Sousa, Sho Yamasaki, Gordon D Brown
C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) expressed by myeloid cells constitute a versatile family of receptors that play a key role in innate immune recognition. Myeloid CLRs exhibit a remarkable ability to recognize an extensive array of ligands, from carbohydrates and beyond, and encompass pattern-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs), damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), and markers of altered self. These receptors, classified into distinct subgroups, play pivotal roles in immune recognition and modulation of immune responses. Their intricate signaling pathways orchestrate a spectrum of cellular responses, influencing processes such as phagocytosis, cytokine production, and antigen presentation. Beyond their contributions to host defense in viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections, myeloid CLRs have been implicated in non-infectious diseases such as cancer, allergies, and autoimmunity. A nuanced understanding of myeloid CLR interactions with endogenous and microbial triggers is starting to uncover the context-dependent nature of their roles in innate immunity, with implications for therapeutic intervention.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2090, Grant title: Reis e Sousa CC2090) Wellcome Trust (Grant ID: 223136/Z/21/Z, Grant title: WT 223136/Z/21/Z)