Jmjd2c facilitates the assembly of essential enhancer-protein complexes at the onset of embryonic stem cell differentiation
journal contributionposted on 2020-10-15, 08:59 authored by Rute A Tomaz, Jennifer L Harman, Donja Karimlou, Lauren Weavers, Lauriane Fritsch, Tony Bou-Kheir, Emma Bell, Ignacio del Valle Torres, Kathy K Niakan, Cynthia Fisher, Onkar Joshi, Hendrik G Stunnenberg, Edward Curry, Slimane Ait-Si-Ali, Helle F Jørgensen, Véronique Azuara
Jmjd2 H3K9 demethylases cooperate in promoting mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC) identity. However, little is known about their importance at the exit of ESC pluripotency. Here, we reveal that Jmjd2c facilitates this process by stabilising the assembly of mediator-cohesin complexes at lineage-specific enhancers. Functionally, we show that Jmjd2c is required in ESCs to initiate appropriate gene expression programs upon somatic multi-lineage differentiation. In the absence of Jmjd2c, differentiation is stalled at an early post-implantation epiblast-like stage, while Jmjd2c-knockout ESCs remain capable of forming extra-embryonic endoderm derivatives. Dissection of the underlying molecular basis revealed that Jmjd2c is re-distributed to lineage-specific enhancers during ESC priming for differentiation. Interestingly, Jmjd2c-bound enhancers are co-occupied by the H3K9-methyltransferase G9a (also known as Ehmt2), independently of its H3K9-modifying activity. Loss of Jmjd2c abrogates G9a recruitment and further destabilises loading of the mediator and cohesin components Med1 and Smc1a at newly activated and poised enhancers in ESC-derived epiblast-like cells. These findings unveil Jmjd2c and G9a as novel enhancer-associated factors, and implicate Jmjd2c as a molecular scaffold for the assembly of essential enhancer-protein complexes with an impact on timely gene activation.
Embryonic stem cellsEnhancersEpiblast stem cellsGene regulationJmjd2c (Kdm4c)Lineage specificationAnimalsCell Cycle ProteinsCell DifferentiationCell LineageChromosomal Proteins, Non-HistoneEmbryonic Stem CellsEnhancer Elements, GeneticGene Expression ProfilingGene Expression Regulation, DevelopmentalGerm LayersHistone-Lysine N-MethyltransferaseHistonesJumonji Domain-Containing Histone DemethylasesMiceMice, KnockoutPluripotent Stem CellsProtein BindingSequence Analysis, RNANiakan FC001120AS-ack06 Biological Sciences11 Medical and Health Sciences