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Internal state affects local neuron function in an early sensory processing center to shape olfactory behavior in Drosophila larvae.

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posted on 2022-09-26, 10:19 authored by Seth R Odell, David Clark, Nicholas Zito, Roshni Jain, Hui Gong, Kendall Warnock, Ricardo Carrion-Lopez, Coral Maixner, Lucia Prieto-Godino, Dennis Mathew
Crawling insects, when starved, tend to have fewer head wavings and travel in straighter tracks in search of food. We used the Drosophila melanogaster larva to investigate whether this flexibility in the insect's navigation strategy arises during early olfactory processing and, if so, how. We demonstrate a critical role for Keystone-LN, an inhibitory local neuron in the antennal lobe, in implementing head-sweep behavior. Keystone-LN responds to odor stimuli, and its inhibitory output is required for a larva to successfully navigate attractive and aversive odor gradients. We show that insulin signaling in Keystone-LN likely mediates the starvation-dependent changes in head-sweep magnitude, shaping the larva's odor-guided movement. Our findings demonstrate how flexibility in an insect's navigation strategy can arise from context-dependent modulation of inhibitory neurons in an early sensory processing center. They raise new questions about modulating a circuit's inhibitory output to implement changes in a goal-directed movement.

Funding

Crick (Grant ID: 10594, Grant title: Godino FC001594) European Research Council (Grant ID: 802531 - EvolutioNeuroCircuit, Grant title: ERC 802531 - EvolutioNeuroCircuit)

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