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Identification of a novel frameshift variant in MYF5 leading to external ophthalmoplegia with rib and vertebral anomalies

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posted on 2024-06-10, 13:15 authored by Paulina Ocieczek, Ngozi Oluonye, Cécile Méjécase, Elena Schiff, Vijay Tailor, Mariya Moosajee
Myogenic transcription factors with a basic helix–loop–helix (bHLH) such as MYOD, myogenin, MRF4, and MYF5 contribute to muscle differentiation and regulation. The MYF5 gene located on chromosome 12 encodes for myogenic factor 5 (MYF5), which has a role in skeletal and extraocular muscle development and rib formation. Variants in MYF5 were found to cause external ophthalmoplegia with rib and vertebral anomalies (EORVA), a rare recessive condition. To date, three homozygous variants in MYF5 have been reported to cause EORVA in six members of four unrelated families. Here, we present a novel homozygous MYF5 frameshift variant, c.596dupA p. (Asn199Lysfs*49), causing premature protein termination and presenting with external ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, and scoliosis in three siblings from a consanguineous family of Pakistani origin. With four MYF5 variants now discovered, genetic testing and paediatric assessment for extra-ocular features should be considered in all cases of congenital ophthalmoplegia.

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