Human Mat2A uses an ordered kinetic mechanism and is stabilized but not regulated by Mat2B.
journal contributionposted on 2021-12-14, 14:50 authored by Jonathan Bailey, Holly Douglas, Laura Masino, Luiz Pedro Sorio de Carvalho, Argyrides Argyrou
Methionine adenosyltransferase (MAT) catalyzes the adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) and l-methionine (l-Met) dependent formation of S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM), the principal methyl donor of most biological transmethylation reactions. We carried out in-depth kinetic studies to further understand its mechanism and interaction with a potential regulator, Mat2B. The initial velocity pattern and results of product inhibition by SAM, phosphate, and pyrophosphate, and dead-end inhibition by the l-Met analog cycloleucine (l-cLeu) suggest that Mat2A follows a strictly ordered kinetic mechanism where ATP binds before l-Met and with SAM released prior to random release of phosphate and pyrophosphate. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) showed binding of ATP to Mat2A with a Kd of 80 ± 30 μM, which is close to the Km(ATP) of 50 ± 10 μM. In contrast, l-Met or l-cLeu showed no binding to Mat2A in the absence of ATP; however, binding to l-cLeu was observed in the presence of ATP. The ITC results are fully consistent with the product and dead-inhibition results obtained. We also carried out kinetic studies in the presence of the physiological regulator Mat2B. Under conditions where all Mat2A is found in complex with Mat2B, no significant change in the kinetic parameters was observed despite confirmation of a very high binding affinity of Mat2A to Mat2B (Kd of 6 ± 1 nM). Finally, we found that while Mat2A is unstable at low concentrations (<100 nM), rapidly losing activity at 37 °C, it retained full activity for at least 2 h when Mat2B was present at the known 2:1 Mat2A/Mat2B stoichiometry.