The Francis Crick Institute
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Extracellular vesicles and co-isolated endogenous retroviruses from murine cancer cells differentially affect dendritic cells.

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Version 2 2024-03-20, 14:14
Version 1 2024-01-02, 12:08
journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-20, 14:14 authored by Federico Cocozza, Lorena Martin-Jaular, Lien Lippens, Aurelie Di Cicco, Yago A Arribas, Nicolas Ansart, Florent Dingli, Michael Richard, Louise Merle, Mabel Jouve San Roman, Patrick Poullet, Damarys Loew, Daniel Lévy, An Hendrix, George Kassiotis, Alain Joliot, Mercedes Tkach, Clotilde Théry
Cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs) and non-vesicular extracellular (nano)particles (NVEPs or ENPs) that may play a role in intercellular communication. Tumor-derived EVs have been proposed to induce immune priming of antigen presenting cells or to be immuno-suppressive agents. We suspect that such disparate functions are due to variable compositions in EV subtypes and ENPs. We aimed to characterize the array of secreted EVs and ENPs of murine tumor cell lines. Unexpectedly, we identified virus-like particles (VLPs) from endogenous murine leukemia virus in preparations of EVs produced by many tumor cells. We established a protocol to separate small EVs from VLPs and ENPs. We compared their protein composition and analyzed their functional interaction with target dendritic cells. ENPs were poorly captured and did not affect dendritic cells. Small EVs specifically induced dendritic cell death. A mixed large/dense EV/VLP preparation was most efficient to induce dendritic cell maturation and antigen presentation. Our results call for systematic re-evaluation of the respective proportions and functions of non-viral EVs and VLPs produced by murine tumors and their contribution to tumor progression.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2088, Grant title: Kassiotis CC2088)