The Francis Crick Institute
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Evolution of chromosome-arm aberrations in breast cancer through genetic network rewiring.

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-25, 11:26 authored by Elena Kuzmin, Toby M Baker, Tom Lesluyes, Jean Monlong, Kento T Abe, Paula P Coelho, Michael Schwartz, Joseph Del Corpo, Dongmei Zou, Genevieve Morin, Alain Pacis, Yang Yang, Constanza Martinez, Jarrett Barber, Hellen Kuasne, Rui Li, Mathieu Bourgey, Anne-Marie Fortier, Peter G Davison, Atilla Omeroglu, Marie-Christine Guiot, Quaid Morris, Claudia L Kleinman, Sidong Huang, Anne-Claude Gingras, Jiannis Ragoussis, Guillaume Bourque, Peter Van Loo, Morag Park
The basal breast cancer subtype is enriched for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and displays consistent large chromosomal deletions. Here, we characterize evolution and maintenance of chromosome 4p (chr4p) loss in basal breast cancer. Analysis of The Cancer Genome Atlas data shows recurrent deletion of chr4p in basal breast cancer. Phylogenetic analysis of a panel of 23 primary tumor/patient-derived xenograft basal breast cancers reveals early evolution of chr4p deletion. Mechanistically we show that chr4p loss is associated with enhanced proliferation. Gene function studies identify an unknown gene, C4orf19, within chr4p, which suppresses proliferation when overexpressed-a member of the PDCD10-GCKIII kinase module we name PGCKA1. Genome-wide pooled overexpression screens using a barcoded library of human open reading frames identify chromosomal regions, including chr4p, that suppress proliferation when overexpressed in a context-dependent manner, implicating network interactions. Together, these results shed light on the early emergence of complex aneuploid karyotypes involving chr4p and adaptive landscapes shaping breast cancer genomes.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2008, Grant title: Van Loo CC2008)