Does it take two to tango? RING domain self-association and activity in TRIM E3 ubiquitin ligases.
journal contributionposted on 07.01.2021, 09:32 by Filippo Fiorentini, Diego Esposito, Katrin Rittinger
TRIM proteins form a protein family that is characterized by a conserved tripartite motif domain comprising a RING domain, one or two B-box domains and a coiled-coil region. Members of this large protein family are important regulators of numerous cellular functions including innate immune responses, transcriptional regulation and apoptosis. Key to their cellular role is their E3 ligase activity which is conferred by the RING domain. Self-association is an important characteristic of TRIM protein activity and is mediated by homodimerization via the coiled-coil region, and in some cases higher order association via additional domains of the tripartite motif. In many of the TRIM family proteins studied thus far, RING dimerization is an important prerequisite for E3 ligase enzymatic activity though the propensity of RING domains to dimerize differs significantly between different TRIMs and can be influenced by other regions of the protein.