Diacylglycerol at the inner nuclear membrane fuels nuclear envelope expansion in closed mitosis.
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-02, 11:16 authored by Sherman Foo, Amaury Cazenave-Gassiot, Markus R Wenk, Snezhana Oliferenko
Nuclear envelope (NE) expansion must be controlled to maintain nuclear shape and function. The nuclear membrane expands massively during 'closed' mitosis, enabling chromosome segregation within an intact NE. Phosphatidic acid (PA) and diacylglycerol (DG) can both serve as biosynthetic precursors for membrane lipid synthesis. How they are regulated in time and space and what are the implications of changes in their flux for mitotic fidelity is largely unknown. Using genetically encoded PA and DG probes, we show that DG is depleted from the inner nuclear membrane during mitosis in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, but PA does not accumulate, indicating that it is rerouted to membrane synthesis. We demonstrate that DG-to-PA conversion catalysed by the diacylglycerol kinase Dgk1 and direct glycerophospholipid synthesis from DG by diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase / ethanolaminephosphotransferase Ept1 reinforce NE expansion. We conclude that DG consumption through both de novo and the Kennedy pathways fuels a spike in glycerophospholipid biosynthesis, controlling NE expansion, and ultimately, mitotic fidelity.