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Cryo-EM structure of the Smc5/6 holo-complex
journal contributionposted on 2022-09-15, 11:10 authored by Stephen T Hallett, Isabella Campbell Harry, Pascale Schellenberger, Lihong Zhou, Nora B Cronin, Jonathan Baxter, Thomas J Etheridge, Johanne M Murray, Antony W Oliver
The Smc5/6 complex plays an essential role in the resolution of recombination intermediates formed during mitosis or meiosis, or as a result of the cellular response to replication stress. It also functions as a restriction factor preventing viral replication. Here, we report the cryogenic EM (cryo-EM) structure of the six-subunit budding yeast Smc5/6 holo-complex, reconstituted from recombinant proteins expressed in insect cells – providing both an architectural overview of the entire complex and an understanding of how the Nse1/3/4 subcomplex binds to the hetero-dimeric SMC protein core. In addition, we demonstrate that a region within the head domain of Smc5, equivalent to the ‘W-loop’ of Smc4 or ‘F-loop’ of Smc1, mediates an important interaction with Nse1. Notably, mutations that alter the surface-charge profile of the region of Nse1 which accepts the Smc5-loop, lead to a slow-growth phenotype and a global reduction in the chromatin-associated fraction of the Smc5/6 complex, as judged by single molecule localisation microscopy experiments in live yeast. Moreover, when taken together, our data indicates functional equivalence between the structurally unrelated KITE and HAWK accessory subunits associated with SMC complexes.