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Comparative effectiveness of sotrovimab and molnupiravir for preventing severe COVID-19 outcomes in patients on kidney replacement therapy: observational study using the OpenSAFELY-UKRR and SRR databases.

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-06, 11:40 authored by Bang Zheng, Jacqueline Campbell, Edward J Carr, John Tazare, Linda Nab, Viyaasan Mahalingasivam, Amir Mehrkar, Shalini Santhakumaran, Retha Steenkamp, Fiona Loud, Susan Lyon, Miranda Scanlon, William J Hulme, Amelia CA Green, Helen J Curtis, Louis Fisher, Edward Parker, Ben Goldacre, Ian Douglas, Stephen Evans, Brian MacKenna, Samira Bell, Laurie A Tomlinson, Dorothea Nitsch, OpenSAFELY Collaborative and LH&W NCS (or CONVALESCENCE) Collaborative
BACKGROUND: Due to limited inclusion of patients on kidney replacement therapy (KRT) in clinical trials, the effectiveness of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) therapies in this population remains unclear. We sought to address this by comparing the effectiveness of sotrovimab against molnupiravir, two commonly used treatments for non-hospitalised KRT patients with COVID-19 in the UK. METHODS: With the approval of National Health Service England, we used routine clinical data from 24 million patients in England within the OpenSAFELY-TPP platform linked to the UK Renal Registry (UKRR) to identify patients on KRT. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of sotrovimab versus molnupiravir with regards to COVID-19-related hospitalisations or deaths in the subsequent 28 days. We also conducted a complementary analysis using data from the Scottish Renal Registry (SRR). RESULTS: Among the 2367 kidney patients treated with sotrovimab (n = 1852) or molnupiravir (n = 515) between 16 December 2021 and 1 August 2022 in England, 38 cases (1.6%) of COVID-19-related hospitalisations/deaths were observed. Sotrovimab was associated with substantially lower outcome risk than molnupiravir {adjusted HR 0.35 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.17-0.71]; P = .004}, with results remaining robust in multiple sensitivity analyses. In the SRR cohort, sotrovimab showed a trend toward lower outcome risk than molnupiravir [HR 0.39 (95% CI 0.13-1.21); P = .106]. In both datasets, sotrovimab had no evidence of an association with other hospitalisation/death compared with molnupiravir (HRs ranged from 0.73 to 1.29; P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: In routine care of non-hospitalised patients with COVID-19 on KRT, sotrovimab was associated with a lower risk of severe COVID-19 outcomes compared with molnupiravir during Omicron waves.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2087, Grant title: Beale CC2087)