The Francis Crick Institute
peace-et-al-2024-coherent-olfactory-bulb-gamma-oscillations-arise-from-coupling-independent-columnar-oscillators (1).pdf (4.41 MB)

Coherent olfactory bulb gamma oscillations arise from coupling independent columnar oscillators.

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-02-29, 11:23 authored by Shane T Peace, Benjamin C Johnson, Jesse C Werth, Guoshi Li, Martin E Kaiser, Izumi Fukunaga, Andreas T Schaefer, Alyosha C Molnar, Thomas A Cleland
Spike timing-based representations of sensory information depend on embedded dynamical frameworks within neuronal networks that establish the rules of local computation and interareal communication. Here, we investigated the dynamical properties of olfactory bulb circuitry in mice of both sexes using microelectrode array recordings from slice and in vivo preparations. Neurochemical activation or optogenetic stimulation of sensory afferents evoked persistent gamma oscillations in the local field potential. These oscillations arose from slower, GABA(A) receptor-independent intracolumnar oscillators coupled by GABA(A)-ergic synapses into a faster, broadly coherent network oscillation. Consistent with the theoretical properties of coupled-oscillator networks, the spatial extent of zero-phase coherence was bounded in slices by the reduced density of lateral interactions. The intact in vivo network, however, exhibited long-range lateral interactions that suffice in simulation to enable zero-phase gamma coherence across the olfactory bulb. The timing of action potentials in a subset of principal neurons was phase-constrained with respect to evoked gamma oscillations. Coupled-oscillator dynamics in olfactory bulb thereby enable a common clock, robust to biological heterogeneities, that is capable of supporting gamma-band spike synchronization and phase coding across the ensemble of activated principal neurons.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2036, Grant title: Schaefer CC2036)