Chemical genetic identification of GAK substrates reveals its role in regulating Na+/K+-ATPase
journal contributionposted on 27.08.2020, 15:28 by Amy W Lin, Kalbinder K Gill, Marisol Sampedro Castaneda, Irene Matucci, Noreen Eder, Suzanne Claxton, Helen Flynn, Ambrosius P Snijders, Roger George, Sila K Ultanir
Cyclin G-associated kinase (GAK) is a ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that facilitates clathrin uncoating during vesicle trafficking. GAK phosphorylates a coat adaptor component, AP2M1, to help achieve this function. GAK is also implicated in Parkinson's disease through genome-wide association studies. However, GAK's role in mammalian neurons remains unclear, and insight may come from identification of further substrates. Employing a chemical genetics method, we show here that the sodium potassium pump (Na+/K+-ATPase) α-subunit Atp1a3 is a GAK target and that GAK regulates Na+/K+-ATPase trafficking to the plasma membrane. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings from CA1 pyramidal neurons in GAK conditional knockout mice show a larger change in resting membrane potential when exposed to the Na+/K+-ATPase blocker ouabain, indicating compromised Na+/K+-ATPase function in GAK knockouts. Our results suggest a modulatory role for GAK via phosphoregulation of substrates such as Atp1a3 during cargo trafficking.