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Neuropathology Appl Neurobio - 2024 - Jensen - Artificial intelligence in histopathological image analysis of central (1).pdf (4.38 MB)

Artificial intelligence in histopathological image analysis of central nervous system tumours: A systematic review

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-20, 14:04 authored by Melanie P Jensen, Zekai Qiang, Danyal Z Khan, Danail Stoyanov, Stephanie E Baldeweg, Zane Jaunmuktane, Sebastian Brandner, Hani J Marcus
The convergence of digital pathology and artificial intelligence could assist histopathology image analysis by providing tools for rapid, automated morphological analysis. This systematic review explores the use of artificial intelligence for histopathological image analysis of digitised central nervous system (CNS) tumour slides. Comprehensive searches were conducted across EMBASE, Medline and the Cochrane Library up to June 2023 using relevant keywords. Sixty‐eight suitable studies were identified and qualitatively analysed. The risk of bias was evaluated using the Prediction model Risk of Bias Assessment Tool (PROBAST) criteria. All the studies were retrospective and preclinical. Gliomas were the most frequently analysed tumour type. The majority of studies used convolutional neural networks or support vector machines, and the most common goal of the model was for tumour classification and/or grading from haematoxylin and eosin‐stained slides. The majority of studies were conducted when legacy World Health Organisation (WHO) classifications were in place, which at the time relied predominantly on histological (morphological) features but have since been superseded by molecular advances. Overall, there was a high risk of bias in all studies analysed. Persistent issues included inadequate transparency in reporting the number of patients and/or images within the model development and testing cohorts, absence of external validation, and insufficient recognition of batch effects in multi‐institutional datasets. Based on these findings, we outline practical recommendations for future work including a framework for clinical implementation, in particular, better informing the artificial intelligence community of the needs of the neuropathologist.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2032, Grant title: Briscoe CC2032)


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