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Beta 1-integrin-c-Met cooperation reveals an inside-in survival signalling on autophagy-related endomembranes

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journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2020 by Rachel Barrow-McGee, Naoki Kishi, Carine Joffre, Ludovic Ménard, Alexia Hervieu, Bakhouche A Bakhouche, Alejandro J Noval, Anja Mai, Camilo Guzmán, Luisa Robbez-Masson, Xavier Iturrioz, James Hulit, Caroline H Brennan, Ian R Hart, Peter J Parker, Johanna Ivaska, Stéphanie Kermorgant
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and integrins cooperate to stimulate cell migration and tumour metastasis. Here we report that an integrin influences signalling of an RTK, c-Met, from inside the cell, to promote anchorage-independent cell survival. Thus, c-Met and β1-integrin co-internalize and become progressively recruited on LC3B-positive 'autophagy-related endomembranes' (ARE). In cells growing in suspension, β1-integrin promotes sustained c-Met-dependent ERK1/2 phosphorylation on ARE. This signalling is dependent on ATG5 and Beclin1 but not on ATG13, suggesting ARE belong to a non-canonical autophagy pathway. This β1-integrin-dependent c-Met-sustained signalling on ARE supports anchorage-independent cell survival and growth, tumorigenesis, invasion and lung colonization in vivo. RTK-integrin cooperation has been assumed to occur at the plasma membrane requiring integrin 'inside-out' or 'outside-in' signalling. Our results report a novel mode of integrin-RTK cooperation, which we term 'inside-in signalling'. Targeting integrin signalling in addition to adhesion may have relevance for cancer therapy.

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