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Using FRET to determine how Myo10 responds to force in filopodia

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posted on 2024-03-11, 12:18 authored by Francine Parker, Eulashini Chuntharpursat-Bon, Justin E Molloy, Michelle Peckham
Myosin 10 (Myo10) is an actin-based molecular motor that is essential for filopodia formation and likely senses tension through interactions with integrins in filopodial tips. It possesses a single α-helical (SAH) domain at the end of its canonical lever, which amplifies the movement of the motor. We have shown the SAH domain can contribute to lever function and possesses the properties of a constant force spring. Here we investigate whether the SAH domain plays a role in tension sensing and whether it becomes extended under load at the filopodial tip. Previously, we found that removing the entire SAH domain and short anti-parallel coiled coil (CC) region at the C-terminal end of the SAH does not prevent Myo10 from moving to filopodial tips in cells. Exploiting this, we generated recombinant forms of Myo10, in which a tension-sensing module (TSMod), comprising a FRET-pair YPet and mCherry separated by a linker sequence of amino acids was then inserted between the Myo10 motor and tail domains, so as to replace the SAH domain and CC region. The linker sequence comprised either a portion of the native SAH domain, or control sequences that were either short (x1: stiff) or long (x5: flexible) repeats of “GPGGA”. As additional controls we also placed the TSMod construct at the N-terminus, where it should not experience force. Our FRET measurements indicate that the SAH domain of Myo10 may become extended at when the protein is stalled at the filopodial tips, so the SAH domain may therefore act as a force sensor.


Crick (Grant ID: CC2124, Grant title: Molloy CC2124)


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